Rabu, 29 Mei 2013

NARRATIVE, Hortatory Exposition, SPOOF



NARRATIVE
Purpose                      
To entertain the reader with a story that deals with complications or problematic events which lead to a crisis and in turn finds a resolution
Text Organization      
·         Orientation
Sets the scene : where and when the story happened, introduces the participants of the story : who and what is involved in the story.
·         Complication
Tells the beginning of the problem which leads to the crisis (climax) of the main participants.
·         Resolution
The problem (the crisis) is resolved, either in a happy ending or in a sad (tragic) ending
·         Re-orientation
This is a closing remark to the story and it is optional. It consists of a moral lesson, advice or teaching from the writer.

Hortatory Exposition
Purpose                      
To persuade the reader or listener that something should or should not be the case.
Text Organization      
·         Thesis
·         Arguments
·         Recommendation
Language Features    
·         The use of emotive words (alarmed,worried)
·         The use of words that qualify statements (usual, probably)
·         The use of words that link arguments (firstly, however, on the other hand,therefore)
·         The use of present tense
·         The use of compund and complex sentences
·         The use of modal and adverbs (can, may, ceratinly, get, stop)
·         The use of subjective opinions using pronouns I and we
SPOOF
Purpose                       
To tell event with a humorous twist
Text Organization       
·         Orientation (who were involved in the story, when, and where)
·         Event (tell what happened in the chronoligical order)
·         Twist (provide the funniest part of the story)
Language Features    
·         The use of action verbs (walked,laughed, ran away)
·         The use of connectives (first,then,finally)
·         The use of adverbial phrases of time and place (in the garden, two days ago)
·         The use of the simple past tense (He walked away from the village)


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